The Commission of Foreign Relations of the Chamber of the Deputies will vote, this Wednesday, 24, the sight of the deputy Raul Jungmann (PPS – state of Pernambuco), favorable to the agreement secured between Brazil and France for the construction of nuclear and conventional submarines.
The agreement was signed in Rio de Janeiro, on December 23 of 2008.
The total value of the contract is calculated in 6.7 billion euros and it includes four packets of materials and services for the construction, in Brazil, of four submarines based on the Scorpène model, with project adjusted – by means of the participation of Brazilian naval engineers – to the requisites of the Navy of Brazil.
The cooperation includes still the methods, the technologies, the tools, the equipments and the technical back-up in all the phases of the project of conventional submarines of the type SCORPENE, as well as of one submarine with conventional armaments (SNBR) which will receive a nuclear reactor and its respective associates, developed by Brazil.
It also predicts the assistance to the conception and building of a shipyard of construction and maintenance of these submarines and of a naval base able to shelter them.
The sight points out that there will be “the transfer of academic knowledge relative to submarines, in the areas of science and technology, through the formation of students, teachers and instructors, in institutions belonging to the Ministry of Defense, in complement to the existent cooperations on the matter of formation of the connected domains, relevant to the execution of the Agreement”.
Regarding the technology transfer, Brazil has committed not to re-export it, re-sell it or lend it to other countries.
Jungmann reminds that the Brazilian idea of developing a program of defense based on submarines, especially nuclear ones, remounts to the decade of 1970.
“Three basic points in the cycle of development of the technology should be faced, knowing: 1) the mastery of the cycle of the nuclear fuel (projects ZARCÃO and CICLONE); 2) project and development of a nuclear reactor (project REMO) sufficiently compact for a submarine hoof; and 3) project and development of a submarine hoof that receives the reactor in development (project COSTADO)”.
According to him, “there is no doubt that, in the general aspect, the contractual instrument secured between the two countries serves the national interests of Brazil. It is necessary to check, in addendum, if the specificities of the project are also combined with the strategic objectives established by the Brazilian State”.
At present, Brazil has conventional submarines of the class Tupi (U-209), manufactured by the German enterprise HDW (Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft), endowed of electric-diesel propulsion.