With the end of the Second World War, the Soviet Union was elected by the West like the new threat of that times.
To do front to it, the Atlantic Alliance, represented by the NATO, was created.
Its role at that moment was very clear: to oppose the advancement of the socialism.
With the end of the Cold War, the NATO looked in the European East. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary and others were attracted to the “umbrella” of the organization.
This process is still ufinished. There are nations of Oriental Europe that in spite of the whole pressure, didn´t stick.
Ukraine and Georgia are in wait beat.
In spite of Russia to have made his opposition clear about the expansion of the alliance, the process of admission of these countries follows in quick rhythm.
On the other side, the cooperation Russia – NATO is paralysed since 1997.
The decision of the United States in unfolding antimissile shields in the socialist ex-republics contributes to the tension.
Russia understands that this system is ineffective to protect Europe of potential attacks of North Korea and Iran.
In practice, Russia is the one that feels threatened with this proposal.
The Russians also hold the United States responsible for the aggression of Georgia to the South Ossetia, in August of 2008. The conflict was turned into principal argument in order that the NATO increased his troops in the region.
In May of 2009, two modern systems of recognition were installed in Georgia, able to control the South Ossetia, North Caucasus and Armenia.
Besides, the United States released US$ 5 billion in order that Georgia re-structured his military potential.
On the 12 and 13th of April, Washington will host the Dome of Nuclear Security, but the discussion won´t be around the agreement secured between the United States and Russia to reduce their atomic arsenals.
Iran is still in the top of the preoccupations.
Important to notice that in this moment, nearly 200 North American nuclear ogives, that are a part of tactic arms, rest in the military bases of the United States in Germany, Belgium, Italy, Netherlands and Turkey.
The storage of nuclear weapons of the United States in European territory violates the Non-Proliferation Treaty. The treaty prohibits the ramification and transfer of nuclear weapons for non-nuclear countries.
This is an example that shows how the NATO changed along the last years, before an organization of collective security and now a aggressive military-political coalition, that privileges the power of the United States and of its allies regarding the regimes considered inconvenient.
Marcelo Rech is a journalist, editor of the InfoRel and specialist in International Relations, Strategies and Policies of Defense and Terrorism and Counter-Insurgency. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org