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Brazil and Russia strengthen alliance

Brazil and Russia strengthen alliance

With the purpose of strengthening their positions on the international scenery and motivated by several common interests, Brazil and Russia decided to develop the relations and defined 29 areas in which the cooperation will be intensified.

 

At least 29 bilateral projects will be implemented between 2010 and 2012.

 

In the context of the Cooperation in Science and Technology, the two countries reaffirm the need of enlarging the methods of bilateral cooperation, of carrying out seminars and scientific conferences in a more systematically way and of preparing programs of work in science, technology and innovation areas.

 

During the visit of president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Moscow, there was also secured the Plan of Action of the Strategic Partnership between Brazil and Russia, with 12 points.

 

Between them, stand out the Political Dialog, in which they both share the necessity of the reformation of the UN, especially to enlarge the Security Council.

 

Russia considers Brazil an important actor and gave his endorsement to the Brazilian candidature for a seat as permanent member of the Council.

 

The two countries still reinforced the strategic importance of the cooperation in the context of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China), with sights to the preparation of coordinated approaches and efficient solutions for the current problems in international relations and world-wide development, and consolidation of the their role in the making of the global agenda.

 

The Plan of Action will have, as implementation instruments, the High Level Cooperation Commission (CAN), the Intergovernmental Commission of Economical, Commercial, Scientific and Technological Cooperation (CIC) and the Mechanism of Consultations on Security and Strategic Stability.

 

Cooperation in the Space Area

 

Brazil and Russia recognized the progress reached in the development of the bilateral cooperation in the Space sector and with the objective to strengthen it, they intend to launch new projects.

 

The modernization and enhancement projects of the Satellite Thrower Vehicle (VLS-1) and the study of the draft of the VLS-1B (with third stage liquid fuel-powered engine), elaborated by Russia, are maintained.

 

Based in the ‘Program of Cooperation in the Sector of the Use and Development of the Russian System of Global Satellite Navigation’ secured between the Brazilian Space Agency (AEB) and the Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos), on November 26 of 2008, the two countries will stimulate their respective government agencies, institutes of research and private industries with sights to achieve a most wide participation of Brazil in the use and development of the Russian GLONASS system of satellite navigation.

 

Cooperation in the Technical-Military Area

 

In this field, Brazil and Russia decided to develop cooperation of long term, based on the principle of the transfer of technology, on the establishment of industrial partnerships, and in formation and apprenticeship programs, including the following areas of mutual interest:

 

– services of operation and maintenance of the combat or transport helicopters sold by Russia to Brazil;

 

– implementation of joint projects destined to the modernization and re-equipment of the Brazilian Armed Forces;

 

– modernization and development of the territorial vigilance systems and of the communication system of the Brazilian Armed Forces;

 

– military air force, area in which both countries strive in deepening the technological and operational partnership in the domain of the combat airplanes, which will contemplate substantial transfers of technology and production.

 

Plan of Political Consultations

 

To deepen the bilateral Strategic Partnership celebrated in 2002, and the Technological Alliance celebrated in 2004, the Brazilian and Russian chancelleries decided to implement a plan of regular political consultations and the exchange of opinions, in different levels, about subjects of the bilateral relations and regional and international problems of mutual interest.

 

In this sense, they defined to carry out, in the course of 2010-2012, consultations between the respective ministries of foreign affairs about the following topics:

1. Multilateral affairs:

a) Security and strategic stability;

b) United Nations Agenda;

c) Disarmament and non-proliferation;

d) Interaction between the delegations of both countries in the context of the UN Organs of Human Rights;

e) Combat to the new challenges and threats, including international terrorism, drug trafficking and transnational organized crime;

f) International economical and financial situation;

g) Environment and climate.

 

2. Regional subjects:

a) Situation in the Latin America;

b) Relations with the European Union;

c) Relations with China and situation in the South-East Asia;

d) Conflicts in the Middle East, in the Iraq and in Sudan;

e) Integration processes in the region of Asia-Pacific;

f) Development of the situation and of the processes of integration in the ex-Soviet territory.

 

3. Bilateral subjects:

a) Brazilian-Russian Relations;

b) Projection of Foreign Politics;

c) Cooperation in the Area of Diplomatic History.

 

The consultations will be carried out in the levels of Chancellors, Vice-Ministers and Directors of the respective departments in both countries Chancelleries.

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