The Brazilian government announced this Monday that an agreement around the Iranian nuclear program was signed and it will avoid that new sanctions are adopted against Teheran.
The agreement defines that Iran accepts to send to Turkey 1,2 thousand kilograms of enriched uranium to 3,5 percent to receive 120 kilograms enriched to 20 percent, destined to the reactor of scientific researches of the capital.
In the evaluation of president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, it is about a victory of the diplomacy.
The international community preferred not to commemorate. The United States keep on defending more sanctions.
In practice, the document signed with the endorsement of Turkey, allows that Iran follows negotiating with the “5 + 1” group, integrated by United States, Russia, China, Great Britain, France (permanent members of the UN Security Council) and Germany.
Iran has until next week to notify the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that accepts the terms of the agreement.
With the concordance of the AIEA, United States, Russia and France (that conform the called “Group of Vienna”), then will be defined the details about the exchange of uranium with the Turks.
Brazil and Turkey placed themselves willing to make easier the next discussions between Iran and the international community.
Analysis of the news
The agreement announced in Teheran is received with strong skepticism, principally by the United States and Europe, which bet on new sanctions against Iran.
In spite of the announcement, they know that the document represents only a few steps towards a really reliably agreement.
Until proven the opposite, an agreement was secured and it can be decisive so that future confrontations can be avoided.
Brazil made a bet and believed that would be fine independently from the concrete result.
If an agreement wasn´t reached, Brazil would get “good looking in the photograph”, as the country that prioritized the dialog to the detriment of the isolationism.
With a positive ending, Brazil reinforces its role as player and makes its fight for a permanent seat in the Security Council still more legitimate.
At least from the point of view of the Itamaraty.