Next Thursday, the Minister of Foreign Relations, Celso Amorim, will open the 65th Annual Assembly of the Organization of the United Nations, replacing President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
Lula preferred to ignore the tradition to maintain the focus in the election of his candidate to the presidency, Dilma Roussef (PT).
Celso Amorim will return to defend the reform of the UN Security Council and will remind that the current format with 15 members – five permanent countries with veto power and ten non-permanent countries with mandates of two years – is a vestige of the agreements secured after the Second World War.
The Security Council meets extraordinarily on September 23 and 26.
The negotiations for the enlargement of the Council are paralyzed, but the theme is still a priority for the Brazilian foreign politics.
One of the proposals predicts that two countries of Asia, one of the Latin America, one of the Eastern Europe and one of Africa are elected as permanent members, considering the new architecture of the international politics.
China, the United States, France, United Kingdom and Russia are the current permanent members. Austria, Brazil, Bosnia Herzegovina, Gabon, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, Nigeria, Turkey and Uganda are rotary members.