Last Friday, March 11, the Union of the South American Nations (UNASUR) gained legal life in event carried out in the city of Mitad del Mundo,Ecuador.
With ten ratifications, the Constitutive Treaty comes into force and the mechanism starts to work formally as international organism.
Only Brazil – which proposed the creation of the bloc – and Paraguay still didn´t ratify the Treaty.
Also, the ex-minister of Foreign Relations of Colombia, María Emma Mejía, was elected by unanimity to occupy the Secretary-General of the UNASUR.
She will be in the post during the period 2011 – 2012, when she will transfer the job to the Venezuelan ex-chancellor Alí Rodriguez Araque, who will occupy the post between 2012 and 2013.
The Ecuadorian government also handed formally to the Office of Legal Subjects of the Organization of the United Nations (UNO), the Constitutive Treaty of the UNASUR.
Therewith the UN will register the organism according to the prescribed in the United Nations Charter.
Analysis of the News
The Union of the South American Nations (UNASUR) comes into force without Brazil’s ratification of the Constitutive Treaty even in the Chamber of Deputies, and Brazil was the proponent country.
There is still a long way ahead as soon as the Opposition doesn’t accept to pass it without the implementation of adjusts.
It is a constitutional prerogative of the Legislative Power, to ratify the international agreements secured b y the Executive Power.
The proposal moved very little in the Brazilian Congress.
The government of then president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva shrugged its approval.
He himself has disdained when he was called to assume the command of the bloc in the place of the deceased Nestor Kirchner.
Our neighbors did homework.
For here, there’s still a lack of political will.
President Dilma Rousseff herself preferred to rest in Barreira do Inferno than attend the meeting of the UNASUR in Ecuador.