The scientific research focused in the sea gained reinforcement in the last years with the use of the hydro-oceanographic ship Cruzeiro do Sul (“Southern Cross”), informed the ministry of Science and Technology (MCT).
According to the MCT, the vessel, acquired in 2007 through the cooperation between the Financier of Studies and Projects (Finep) and the Navy of Brazil, cost R$ 27 millions and it works as Boarded National Laboratory, with capacity for researches in meteorology, bathymetry and physical, chemical and biological oceanography.
The equipment disposes to the scientific-academic community 80 days in a year for activities and projects of research.
The first Transatlantic Oceanographic Commission was carried out in 2009, with boarding of 28 investigators, who completed two transoceanic profiles of collection of oceanographic data for the identification and the monitoring of the principal ocean forms and the achievement of information about the basin of the South Atlantic.
Last year, five projects were supported along the whole coast of Brazil by the Cruzeiro do Sul. Another six proposals were valued for this year by the manager and the scientific committees of the ministries of Defense and of Science and Technology.
The coordinator for Sea and Antarctica of the Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development of the MCT, Maria Cordélia Machado, showed that four proposals will be worked together by the similarity of the research.
“A great proposal is to go up to Africa collecting water, writing down data of temperature, of salinities, of the vegetable cells and of the color of the sea (supported by satellites). Other one will study the process of the larvae of the sea in the chain Trindade – Vitória, in the state of Espírito Santo”, she explained.
Institutes of the Sea
The year of 2010 was also marked by the release of the edict of the National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) to promote the formation or consolidation of two National Institutes of Science and Technology (INCT) in Sciences of the Sea, with focus in the Brazilian Continental Platform from North to South, in the value of R$ 30 millions.
For the doctor in biological oceanography, the Sciences of the Sea in Brazil live a phase of great development and gained more visibility while becoming theme of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Brazilian Society for the Progress of the Science (SBPC), carried out in July in the city of Natal.
Between 2003 and 2009, there were releases of 25 edicts in the areas of Oceanography and Sciences of the Sea, in a investment of R$ 54 millions in areas as: oil exploration in ultra-deep waters, cultivation and exploration of sea organisms with biotechnological potential, researches in archipelagos and ocean islands, biodiesel from microalgae, fishing and marine aquaculture, South Atlantic Ocean and climatic changes.
The support to the research and to the Exploration of the Resources of the Sea makes part of the priorities of the Axle 3, of Research, Development and Innovation in Strategic Areas, of the National Plan in Science, Technology and Innovation (PACTI – 2007/2010), created to consolidate the System of CT&I in Brazil.