In the last three years, the Brazilian government sent R$ 113 millions to the researches in Antarctica. In 2007, 9 millions were applied R$ in the Brazilian participation in the International Polar Year.
The edict supported ten projects involving more than 30 public and private universities and centers of research, in the years of 2007 and 2008.
According to the ministry of the Science & Technology, the Antarctic Program is inserted among the priorities of the Axle 3, of Research, Development and Innovation in Strategic Areas, of the National Plan of Science, Technology and Innovation for the National Development (PACTI – 2007/2010).
In the total, the Antarctic Sciences received contribution of R$ 113 millions, in the period from 2007 to 2009, being R$ 15 millions in scholarships and aid to the research, operationalized by the National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq/MCT).
Brazil is present in Antarctica since 1983.
Among the results of this and of other investments there are the increase of the number of doctors and masters in the area, of publications in international scientific magazines, the acquisition of the first Polar Ship (Almirante Maximiano); the reform of the Oceanographic Ship Ary Rongel, the purchase of equipments for both ships (R$ 79 millions); and the reform of the Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz (R$ 10 millions).
Moreover, it stands out, still, the enlargement of the international cooperation and the creation of two National Institutes of Science and Technology (INCTs), completely focused in the region of the Antarctica: the INCT of the Cryosphere (R$2,8 millions) and the INCT of Environmental Research in the Antarctica (R$ 7,2 millions).
The ship Almirante Maximiano, acquired in 2008 to support the Brazilian Antarctic Program (Proantar), has suffered structural alterations and the installation of five modern laboratories (two dry ones, two wet ones and one mixed) and respective equipments, allowing to accommodate 35 researchers.
Among the supported projects, which contributed to the increase of the Brazilian activities in the Antarctica, there are the first land expedition with the Brazilians´ participation towards the central South Pole; the support to two INCTs of Antarctic Research (one about the cryosphere – the areas of the Planet constantly covered by snow and ice – and the other focused in climatic and environmental monitoring); the projects of biotechnological prospecting of microorganisms, studies of the biodiversities and study of the Southern ocean; and the knowledge integration.
Brazil also supports the Strategy of South American Cooperation in Antarctic Science, with the destination of R$ 14 millions for research in the areas of life sciences; geosciences; physical sciences; human studies and environmental monitoring.
Of the total of 19 approved proposals, 18 involve cooperation with six South American countries (Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela).
Another 13 countries are involved in the international cooperation with the Brazilian projects in the Antarctica: The United States (6 projects), United Kingdom (4), Germany (4), New Zealand (2), Spain (2), Japan (2), Portugal (1), Sweden (1), Russia (1), France (1), Italy (1) and Belgium (1).