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Senate blocks ambassadors´ indication

Senate blocks ambassadors´ indication

Marcelo Rech


In reprisal to the posture of president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, regarding the Cuban political dissidents, the president of the Commission of Exterior Relations and National Defense of the Senate, Eduardo Azeredo, decided to withdraw of the list all the indications of Brazilian ambassadors.


He imposed like condition for the recovering of the tests that the Minister of the Exterior Relations, Celso Amorim, justifies in the Senate the reasons that lead Brazil to support the nuclear program of Iran and the political regime of Cuba, between other subjects.


In note, Azeredo explained that the Congress of the United States held the indication of the North American ambassador in Brazil, Thomas Shannon, for seven months.


According to him, “our Commission of Exterior Relations has the obligation of accompanying the foreign politics of the government. We can´t omit ourselves”.


The leader of the PSDB (Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy), senator Arthur Vírgílio (estate of Amazonas), announced that the party is broken with the foreign politics of the government.


He affirmed that the PSDB will have to value better the indications done by the Executive Power and made clear that the approval of these names will be more rigorous.


This Tuesday, the Senate approved of the name of ambassador Oto Agripino Maia for Greece. It was the last name questioned for the Commission of Exterior Relations.


“I don´t believe in absolute obstruction, we do nor want to stop the Brazilian diplomatic activities, but we declare ourselves broken with the foreign politics of this country. We haven´t any more any promise with this simple and quick ambassadors approval”, he explained.


In the evaluation of the senator, some actions of the Itamaraty would be ridiculing the country.


He quoted, for example, the episode of the expropriation of the assets of the Petrobras in Bolivia, the “attempt of pushing Hugo Chávez cries out down like member of the Mercosur”, the asylum granted to the former president of Honduras, Manuel Zelaya, the “absurd sympathy declared to the dictatorship of Iran”, the “tolerance with the regime of North Korea”.


“It seems to me that there is a tendency to privilege regimes of exception. And that isn´t good for the country”, he valued.


Arthur Virgílio also criticized the president because of not having visited, during his trip to Israel, the tomb of Theodor Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement, which produced a diplomatic constraint with that country.


The Commission of Exterior Relations of the Senate left of questioning last week, the future ambassador of Brazil in Caracas, José Antônio Marcondes de Carvalho.


Since Antônio Simões assumed a post in the Itamaraty, Brazil is without ambassador in Venezuela.


They are already in the Senate the messages indicating Fernando Simas Magalhães for Ecuador, Marcel Biato for Bolivia, Gonçalo Mourão for Denmark cumulative with Lithuania, Roberto Jaguaribe for the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, José Marcos Nogueira Viana for Dominica, Maria Elisa de Bittencourt Berenguer for Israel, Paul Caesar Meira de Vasconcellos for the Thailand cumulative with Cambodia and Laos, John Carlos de Souza-Gomes for the Uruguay, José Eduardo Felício for Cuba, Mário Vilalva for Portugal, Ana Lucy Gentil for Angola, and Maria Laura da Rocha for the Unesco.


The government informed that is scheduled for the 7th of April, an audience in the Commission of Exterior Relations with the presence of Chancellor Celso Amorim.


Amorim must attend still to the Commission of Exterior Relations of the Chamber. Request asking the Minister for explanations on the declarations of President Lula about the death of the dissident Orlando Zapata, was approved this Wednesday.


On the same subject, the deputies want still to hear the international adviser of the presidency of the Republic, Marco Aurélio Garcia, but the government base managed to avoid the approval of the request.


Besides, it avoided that a repudiation motion to the Cuban government was approved.


Analysis of the Article


The foreign politics of Lula always were “the one” of the government.


The Itamaraty always liked showing the headlines of foreign newspapers and magazines detaching the leadership of the president.


However, a confusions succession puts some advancement conquered in risk.


Lula is in the Middle East and his travel that was promising to be historical for the role of Brazil in the resolution of the conflict, it failed.


However, it is important to notice that both Lula and the Itamaraty and the parallel Chancellor Marco Aurélio Garcia, never worried with what the press or the Brazilian analysts were and are saying.


We are all “dummies” and only they are considered able to discuss international politics.


It takes place that the most hard and vehement critics, come form the ones who helped Lula to believe that he was the Messiah or “The Man”.


Not only analysts and “progressive” journalists call themselves frustrated, but also political leaders who were betting on him like emergent leader.


For the ex-fans of the president, only Lula might say with authority that in Cuba there is a dictatorial regime and that Iran can´t do provocations to the world with his nuclear program.


However, in the Commission of Human rights of the Organization of the United Nations (UN), Brazil simply was silent.


It didn´t give a cheep when questioned on what was thinking of the violations of basic rights in Cuba, Iran, Sudan, North Korea, China, Sri Lanka, and in the Congo.


On the contrary, decided to open an embassy in Myanmar where human rights simply doesn´t exist.


Marcelo Rech is a journalist, editor of the InfoRel and specialist in International Relations, Strategies and Policies of Defense and Terrorism, Counter-Insurgency. E-mail:

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