This Wednesday, the president of Uruguay, José Mujica, and the Minister of Foreign Relations, Luis Almagro, affirmed to the vice-chancellor of Ecuador, Kintto Lucas, that the Constitutive Treaty of the Union of the South American Nations (UNASUR) will be ratified by the country until October 15.
Mujica made clear the commitment and the political will of Uruguay in having the UNASUR working fully.
Of the 12 countries that integrate the bloc, only six ratified the Treaty: Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela.
Chile approved the text in the Commission of Foreign Relations of the Senate, and that is the last step before the ratification.
Ecuador, which chairs the UNASUR, hopes that Brazil and Paraguay do it before the end of the year.
Lucas reaffirmed the Ecuadorian wish of transferring the presidency pro tempore of the UNASUR to Guyana with at least nine ratifications, minimum number so that the bloc acquires institutionalism.
In the evaluation of Kintto Lucas, the UNASUR played a crucial role in the resumption of the dialog between Colombia and Venezuela and in the solidarity expressed with Haiti.
Analysis of the news
According to the schedule of the Itamaraty, Ecuador transfers to Guyana the presidency pro tempore of the UNASUR in the end of this month.
Ecuador will do it without the minimum of nine countries to ratify the Constitutive Treaty.
For many people, the UNASUR is a reality and the ratification fulfills much more than a formality.
From a practical standpoint, however, the member-countries can´t take financial commitments with the mechanism without having ratified the Treaty, inclusive so that there is budgetary forecast for its sustenance.
The ratified UNASUR gains status of international organism, what implies in physical infrastructure, human resources properly paid and a budget that allows to its Secretary-General to move in the delimited geographical space.
It draws attention that Brazil, country that proposed the creation of the UNASUR, is among the six countries that didn´t conclude the necessary legislative process to institutionalize the bloc.
Up to the moment, the Treaty passed only in two thematic commissions in the Chamber of the Deputies. It needs to be approved by the Plenary so it can follow to the Senate, where it also passes in two commissions.
The theme won´t be treated before the electoral process ends.
To get worse, it will coexist with the mood of a Congress that can be renewed widely, what is enough to discourage the Excellences regarding the fulfillment of their duties.
So that the Treaty gets ratified before the switch of government, President Lula will have to use the political prestige to sensitize his allies.
What is not clear yet is whether the government is actually willing to pay for such an effort. It might have done it last year if it wanted.
This leniency of the Executive Power and the omission of the diplomacy are what feed the doubts about the priority of the UNASUR to Brazil.
We can´t forget that in the same way, Brazil presents the proposal of creation of the Community of Latin-American and Caribbean States (CELAC), stimulated by the Cuban enthusiasm.
For Cuba, it would be like an OAS, but without the United States. Awesome!
It is still not clear if the UNASUR and the CELAC don´t end up being the same thing.
The economical and political integration isn´t made with acronyms, but with resolve and political will, and we see many contradictions in that when the issue concerns the created and forgotten mechanisms.